There are several ways through which farmers are protecting the environment as they simply implement farming methods. Agfoundation (2015) explains that one such way is through crop rotation. This is the practice of planting different crops over the same parcel of land but on different seasons. This ensures that the nutrients in the soils are well preserved and retained and as a result protecting the environment. However, there is also need to emphasize that some farming practices can harm the environment. For instance, the constant use of chemicals in reference to fertilization can lead to water pollution. As these fertilizers are applied to ensure great crop yields, not all will be absorbed by the plants and when it rains, the water washes and carry them off to water bodies such as lakes and rivers thus contamination.
Genetically modified organisms have in some way changed the way we farm and feed. A lot has been said about GMOs to include its benefits and potential problems. According to Vaesa (2013), one benefit of GMOs is that the plants become pest and disease resistant thus high yields are often realized by farmers. On the downside, there is the potential problem of GMOs resulting to allergic reactions in human beings who consume the foods. This is as a result of combining genes from one plant to the other which leads to a reaction that can lead to allergies as the body is not accustomed to the newly formulated gene.
The debate as to whether GMOs should be fully adapted is a tricky one given the benefits and potential problems. However, on a personal note, I find pro-GMO to be more persuasive because of the food benefits we stand to gain. Ideally, the human population is growing at a faster rate than it can be sustained with the current food supply. GMOs offer the best solution in terms of improving our food supply on annual basis.